Product Materials Explained

LEATHERS

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) – PVC is artificial leather that is chemically created. PVC is known to be one of the oldest synthetic materials and is known for its easy maintenance. It is used on furniture for its leather-like look and is used in the low budget furniture range

Leather Touch PU / Polyurethane (PU) – PU is synthetic leather that is chemically created. PU is known to be a strong, flexible and durable material. It is good for itsprice and eco friendliness and creates a good leather-like look on furniture. PU furniture is in the budget price range

Bonded Leather – Also known as reconstituted leather, is genuine leather fibres / left overs which are joined together and bonded with a PU (Polyurethane) colour finish. Using a small percentage of actual leather makes it different from artificial or synthetic leathers like PU and PVC. Bonded leather is known for its affordability. Bonded Leather Furniture is priced in the mid-price range

Full Bonded Leather – the whole item is Bonded Leather

Bonded Leather Uppers – The seat, back rest & arm rests (all the parts you sit on / use often) are made with Bonded Leather and the rest of the item (like the back and sides) is made with PU. This is done to keep the product affordable yet still durable.

Top Grain Leather – Genuine Leather. This is the most common type of leather used today. Top Grain Leather uses the outer portion of the hide thus making it one of the strongest types of leather. Leather is used in the high-end price range

Top Grain Leather Uppers – The seat, back rest & arm rests (all the parts you sit on / use often) are made with Top Grain Leather and the rest of the item (like the back and sides) is made with PU

WOODS / VENEERS

Veneer – Veneer refers to thin slices of solid wood which are glued onto a synthetic wood inner. Wood veneers are adhered to the surface of a piece of furniture to give it the glowing appearance of real wood.

Plywood – 3 or more layers of Veneer make plywood. The layers of wood veneer are bonded with glue to produce solid plywood panels. It is an artificial wood made from numerous thin laminates of wood glued together. Each layer is at right angle to the grain of the other to give it great strength while also allowing it to remain quite pliable.

Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF) – MDF is an extremely durable, warp and twist resistant panel product manufactured by compressing powdered wood fibers, resin & wax under high pressure. MDF is a durable product. It is an artificial wood and very easy to work with.

Chipboard / Particleboard(MDP) – structural material made of wood fragments such as chips and shavings which are mechanically pressed into a sheet and bonded together with resin. It is an artificial wood made like MDF but from actual wood chips. When used for furniture it is covered with a wood veneer or a laminate

Rubberwood – A popular and commonly known wood, mainly because of its environmentally friendly quality. Rubberwood is known for its durability and little tendency to warp or crack. Native to Brazil, but extensively cultivated in tropical regions, especially in Asia

Pine – A light colour wood most commonly used in furniture. There are many different types of pine wood ranging from soft to hard.

LAMINATIONS

Laminates consist of a layer of wood or paper, which is applied over a wood frame and sealed with a protective layer of thermosetting resin.

Foil Lamination – A paper applied to particle board or MDF surfaces to give it a wood-like colour finish.

Vinyl Lamination – A paper material stronger than PU/ Foil applied to particle board or MDF surfaces that is designed to be durable and easy to clean. Vinyl has the look of a wooden grain finish.

Melamine Lamination – A popular material used to cover particle board or MDF surfaces. Melamine is a thicker, more durable material. It makes furniture stain resistant, heat and water resistant.

GLASS

Tempered Glass – Glass that has been specially processed for safety. Tempering puts the outer surfaces of the glass into compression, and the inner surfaces into tension. Also known as toughened glass.